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Constitution

According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, a constitution is the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the people in it.

In most countries, a constitution is set out in written form and it is the supreme law of the land. There are a few countries that do not have written constitutions. The United Kingdom is one example. There also a few countries where the parliament has supremacy over the constitution. Israel is an example. Many but not all countries also make their constitutions difficult to change. The U.S. Constitution is one of the hardest to change. Since 1789, it has been amended 27 times. By contrast, the constitution of India has been amended 103 times between 1947 and 2019.

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