The word civil has several meanings according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary.
1a : of or relating to citizens: civil duties
1b : of or relating to the state or its citizenry: civil strife
2a : civilized: civil society
2b : adequate in courtesy and politeness : It was hard to be civil when I felt so angry.
3a : of, relating to, or based on civil law
3b : relating to private rights and to remedies sought by action or suit distinct from criminal proceedings
3c : established by law civil freedoms
4 : of, relating to, or involving the general public, their activities, needs, or ways, or civic affairs as distinguished from special (such as military or religious) affairs: They got married in a civil ceremony.« Back to Glossary Index