Habeas corpus

This is a Latin term for a court order that requires a government to bring a prisoner before a judge to determine whether the detention is lawful. Article I, Section 9 of the Constitution states, “The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.” Although this language seems clear, several laws and court cases muddy the water. For more, see https://constitution.congress.gov/browse/essay/artI_S9_C2_1/

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